Figs are predominantly grown in countries that are dominated by a Mediterranean climate. Although fig plantations are widespread in Turkey, there are variations in soil and climate conditions among the growing regions. The ideal conditions for dried fig production are: temperate and rainy winters, 30-40°C summer temperatures especially in July-September, 45- 50% relative humidity, alluvial, clayish-loam soil, and an average annual precipitation of around 650 mm.
Turkey’s Role in Dried Figs
While fresh figs are offered for direct consumption, dried figs are used as the main or auxiliary ingredient in many desserts. Located in the Mediterranean climate zone, Turkey is an important fig producer and exporter with a share of 23% in world fig production.
Turkey ranks first in the world in terms of fresh fig production, and is followed by Egypt, Algeria, Morocco and Iran . Turkey produced 26% of the world production in 2014, whilst Egypt, Algeria and Morocco produced 16, 11 and 11%, respectively. Turkey is also the number one producer of dried figs.
Types of Dried Figs
There are various types of dried figs.
- Open Mouth